▪️ Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the memory of his wife Mumtaz Mahal with construction starting in 1632 AD and completed in 1648 AD.
▪️ Chahar Bagh or Chah Bagh is a Persian style layout of Gardens brought to India by Mughals and subsequently updated according to Indian conditions. In Indian scenario it meant a square walled garden divided into four by intersecting water channels. Generally main buildings were built in the middle of garden
▪️ Taj Mahal is built on one of the extremes of this on river front.
▪️ Calligraphy (decorative handwriting) was an ornamental decoration done on surface of building, usually using Quranic verses. In Taj Mahal, by inlaying jasper into white marble this technique of embellishment is beautifully used to enhance beauty of structure.
▪️ Pietra Dura (cut and fit technique) is inlaying technique of semiprecious stones of various colours, including lapis lazuli in highly formalized and intertwining geometric and floral designs.
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